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«Africa: History and Culture» - electronic scientific journal.

E-ISSN 2500-3771

Publication frequency – once a year.

Issued from 2016.

2 December 15, 2016

1. Michael Asiedu, Daniel Marboye Quaye, Emmanuel Kwame Yeboah
Firms’ Demographics and Barriers to Innovation in Ghana: Can SMEs in Developing African Economies Swot Something Up?

Africa: History and Culture, 2016, Vol. (2), Is. 2, pp. 24-32.
DOI: 10.13187/ahc.2016.2.24CrossRef

In recognition of the relevance of Small and Medium Scale Enterprises [SMEs] and innovation in economic development, efforts are being made to find strategies to overcome the barriers to innovation among SMEs. However, it is not clear from extant literature, as to whether all SMEs, irrespective of their demographic features, face the same barriers to innovation. It is on this premise that this study seeks to investigate the differences in constrains to innovation faced by SMEs as a result of their varied demographic characteristics. The study adopted a quantitative approach and sampled one hundred SME firms in Ghana as respondents for the study. The demographic characteristics considered in the analysis include education of owner-managers; control of activities (family control or non-family control); sector of SME; firm size (number of employees) and years of operation. The barriers to innovation also comprise of human, management, technical, supply, demand, government and culture related barriers. The results reveal that, SMEs with different demographic characteristics face different barriers to innovation. However, in most cases, irrespective of the educational background of SME owners, they face the same barriers with respect to management, lack of technical expertise, supply related barriers, and government related barriers. This study recommends that, developing African economies should quickly learn to reform SMEs on the basis of their demographic characteristics to enhance their innovative capacities.

URL: http://ejournal48.com/journals_n/1486377048.pdf
Number of views: 569      Download in PDF

2. Jacob Owusu Sarfo, Henry Adusei
Math Anxiety and Achievement among Male Senior High Students in the Eastern Region of Ghana

Africa: History and Culture, 2016, Vol. (2), Is. 2, pp. 33-37.
DOI: 10.13187/ahc.2016.2.33CrossRef

This study measures the math anxiety levels and related math achievement of selected male senior high students in the Eastern Region of Ghana. A simple random sampling method was used to select 25 male students in within the General Science Programme. Results show significantly low math anxiety levels in both Core and Elective Math subjects. However, the mean for Core Math related anxiety was higher than Elective Math. In addition, significant positive correlations and differences exist among the performances of male students on Core and Elective Math achievement. This study has implications for pedagogy, psychology and policy.

URL: http://ejournal48.com/journals_n/1486377062.pdf
Number of views: 572      Download in PDF

3. Isaac Acheampong Sarfo, Samuel Okae Adjei
Orthodox Health Seeking Behaviour in the New Juaben Municipality of Ghana: Disparities in Patients’ Socioeconomic Status

Africa: History and Culture, 2016, Vol. (2), Is. 2, pp. 38-44.
DOI: 10.13187/ahc.2016.2.38CrossRef

An individual’s decision to seek help from a particular health system is influenced by many factors, which are both intrinsic and extrinsic. The aim of this study was to examine socioeconomic factors as predictors of help-seeking, using the people of the New Juaben Municipality as a case study. Using a cross-sectional survey, data was collected using standardised questionnaire: Socioeconomic Factors and Health Seeking Behaviour (SFHSB) Questionnaire from a cross section of the population of the municipality on the determinants of intentions of seeking help. Data was analyzed using independent t-test. Results indicated that for this population, the intention of seeking hinged on proximate determinants like affordability, accessibility and acceptability of the provision of healthcare. Results further revealed that availability of finances did not necessarily determine where to seek help. A belief in a particular health system played a significant role and that the use of churches and other spiritual centres was very prominent as was the use of orthodox health system. Testimonies of previous users also played a major role in the future patronage of health services.

URL: http://ejournal48.com/journals_n/1486377076.pdf
Number of views: 570      Download in PDF

full number
URL: http://ejournal48.com/journals_n/1486377097.pdf
Number of views: 563      Download in PDF

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